Wildlife Finds the Largest Crocodile in Sri Lanka. There are 23 species of crocodiles in the world today. The history of the crocodilians dates back to the Triassic period, some 230 million years ago. Alligators and their kin are modern dinosaurs, having existed virtually unchanged for the past 65 million years.
Largest Crocodile in Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka has two species of crocodiles.
One is the Mugger or Marsh crocodile specifically as Crocodylus palustris. The other is the Saltwater or Estuarine crocodile with the specific name Crocodylus porosus.
Though the status of the marsh crocodile in Sri Lanka seems to be secure in the sense that there probably are a few thousand spread throughout various water bodies in the island, the status of the saltwater crocodile is doubtful. This may be for a number of reasons, not the least being that no formal long-term study on either species in Sri Lanka. It is known however that crocodiles have been extirpated from a number of their habitats in the island.
A paradoxical situation exists in respect of these two species of crocodiles in Sri Lanka. There are large numbers of the marsh crocodile spread all over the lowlands. On the other hand the number of saltwater crocodiles in Sri Lanka is small whereas they abound in other Asian countries.
Crocodiles are carnivorous reptiles and are generally at the top of the predators in their ecosystem. They feed on fish and keep all species under control. They also feed on the weak and sick fish and help to keep the fish populations. The presence of crocodiles is an indication of a clean aquatic environment.
Research and surveys carried out earlier show that, both species of crocodiles were widely distributed in suitable habitats throughout much of the country. It occurs in the estuaries of the larger rivers, appearing to prefer water that is only faintly brackish to that which is more saline.
Other habitats include coastal mangroves, marshes, swamps and some inland water bodies. Even though earlier the two species shared habitats in many locations, they now coexist in only a few places.
Incredible footage recording to Sri Lankan wildlife officials having to use a digger to move on the massive crocodile.